The Institute of Art and Law is an educational organisation giving knowledge and perspective on the law relating to cultural heritage a concept which includes art, antiquities, archives, archaeology, architecture, monuments, treasure and much, much more.  IAL's educational remit is fulfilled through publishing and courses. It convenes distance learning and intensive courses (both public and in-house) on art and museums law, as well as seminars, study groups and conferences in the United Kingdom and abroad. It also publishes monographs and commentaries on all aspects of the law relating to cultural heritage, in addition to a quarterly periodical, Art Antiquity and Law, now in its eighteenth year.

The law of cultural heritage is a wide remit: it encompasses a vast range of subject matter, from copyright and art theft, to protection of buried treasure and shipwrecks, return of human remains from museum collections, restitution of illegally exported antiquities and art wrongfully taken in time of war including Holocaust-looted, archives and religious objects, through to planning regulations protecting listed buildings and scheduled monuments, and the organisation of international blockbuster exhibitions.

Internationally recognised, IAL delivers, through its educational and publishing programmes, a depth of knowledge unrivalled elsewhere.


IAL News:

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Forthcoming seminars and courses

The Diploma in Law and Collections Management will be held in London in the week commencing 12th January 2015 - download an application form here or email us if you would like to register your interest.

Seminar: Succession Planning for Art: Owners, Collectors and Creators - to be held in London with the generous support of Collyer Bristow on the afternoon of 25th February 2015


New IAL Publications:

Supplement to Historic Environment Law by Richard Harwood QC

This Supplement analyses a raft of new provisions in this area, particularly those contained in the Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act 2013, including the secondary legislation.  It also updates generally, including the extensive caselaw on the historic environment policies in the National Planning Policy Framework and the statutory duty of special regard to listed buildings, changes to design and access statements, the new Scheduled Monuments policy, the Planning Practice Guidance and the creation of the Planning Court. The final changes came into force in April 2014 and are fully discussed in this Supplement.

Exploring Cultural Rights and Cultural Diversity: An Introduction with Selected Legal Materials by Janet Blake

This volume aims to introduce cultural rights and cultural diversity to a non-legal audience as well as to legal and human rights specialists who may not be familiar with this area of law - which has been termed the ‘Cinderella’ of the human rights family.


Shipwrecked Heritage: A Commentary on the UNESCO Convention on Underwater Cultural Heritage (2nd edn) by Patrick J. O'Keefe

This completely updated second edition of the book originally published in 2002 examines the background to the 2001 UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage and provides a detailed commentary on all the Articles of the Convention and the Rules contained in the Annex, clearly demonstrating the way in which the Convention seeks to regulate salvage and other activities relating to shipwrecks. The book provides contemporary examples of the impact of underwater salvage operations on the cultural heritage located beneath the surface of the oceans and the way in which the Convention can address these issues.

Reissued:Art Treasures and War by Wojciech Kowalsi

This book seeks to define the meaning of the term 'restitution' in international law in contrast with the other terms used in this area. It then considers the opinions of various lawyers and academics, and the development of rules of international law relating to the return of cultural goods, alongside a study of the development of the practice of restitution. In the light of this general discussion, specific issues receive more detailed treatment, in particular the regulations of Allied Restitution Law, which came into force in various forms and situations after the Second World War. The book concludes with a summary of the historical evolution of the legal model of restitution.
The Appendix contains a wealth of material, including the Regulation concerning confiscation of works of art in German-occupied Poland; the Inter-Allied Declaration against Acts of Dispossession; the Final Act and Annex of the Paris Conference on Reparations; Law No. 52: Blocking and Control of Property, British Zone; General Order No. 6: Declaration of Looted Property in British Zone; Law No. 59: Restitution of Identifiable Property (US Zone); Military Government Regulations, Title 18: Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives, US Zone.

Art Antiquity and Law - 2014 - October

The Role of Bailment in Cultural Property Claims (Norman Palmer)
Salvors Strike Gold off Florida s Treasure Coast (Paul Stevenson)
Prosecuting Heritage Crime in England and the US - A Cautionary Tale (Carolyn Shelbourn)
Stefan Karadzha’s Tombstone in the Baba Tonka House Museum (Nikolay Nenov)
Case Notes
Levy v. Watt (The Perils of Not Looking a Gift Horse in the Mouth) (Alexander Herman)
Ronald v. Duke of Buccleuch (Recovery of Stolen Art and the Payment of Rewards) (Katharine Mason)
Flos v. Semeraro (Copyright Protection for Designs: the Approach of the Italian Courts and Italian Law) (Antonella Barbieri and Federica De Santis Stampa)
Artpower Ltd & Anor v. Bespoke Couture Ltd (Terminating a Bespoke Agreement) (Katharine Mason)
Rolfe v. Investec Bank (Pandora’s Boxes: the Duty of the Bailee) (Australia) Ltd (Katharine Mason)
Discord between the Diocesan Committee and Consistory Court over Heritage Bells (Zehrah Hasan)

Art Antiquity and Law - 2014 - July

The Notion of Verifiable Links in the 2001 UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (Thijs J. Maarleveld)
Repatriation of Antiquities to Sub-Saharan Africa: the Agony and the Ecstasy (Folarin Shyllon)
Seller Beware? Consumer Protection in Art Transactions (Gregor Kleinknecht and Petra Williams-Lescht)
Databases on Lost and Stolen Art: Is Consulting a Database an Inherent Requirement of Good Faith?
(Nina M. Neuhaus and Sophie Balay)
The Fake Chagall, The Asphalt Jungle and Moral Rights in France (Alexander Herman)
Case Notes
Ecclestone v. Khyami (Fast Cars, Gifts and Conversion) (Katharine Mason)
Hillary and Hillary v. Hillary (Auction Houses and Disputed Title) ( Alexander Herman)

More Information - Purchase articles from back issues

Art Antiquity and Law - 2014 - April

An Assessment of the US and China's Memorandum of Understanding for 2014 (Mia Logan)
Hildebrand Gurlitt, the Monuments Men and the Discovery of the Munich Art Trove (Alexander Herman)
Unclaimed Art and the Duty of Active Pursuit: Cornelius Gurlitt and the Hidden Hoard (Norman Palmer)
Art Authentication: Protection of Art Experts from a Swiss Perspective (Nina Neuhaus)
Black Sea Tomb Raiders and the Practice of Global Cultural Exchange: Revisiting the Ethics and Responsibility of Museums (Andrzej Jakubowski)
Case notes: R (on the application of Rudewicz v Secretary of State for Justice (Human Remains: Factors Governing Decisions to Disinter) (Katharine Mason)
Gaydamak v. Leviev (Agency and the Enforceability of Agreements) (Katharine Mason)
Kurtha v. Marks (Limitation Periods and Good Faith) (Katharine Mason)

More Information - Purchase articles from back issues


In the December 2013 issue:
Spoilage of Cultural Property in Mali (Afolasade Abidemi Adewumi)
The Restitution of Cultural Property in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (Shea Esterling)
Chabad Sacred Texts, Russian-American Art Loans and a Tall Ship Named Hope: Beyond Cold War over a Restitution Claim? (Patricia Kennedy Grimsted)
Case notes: Executors of Lord Howard of Henderskelfe (deceased) v. Revenue and Customs Commissioners (Wasting Assets) (Elizabeth Emerson)
Avrora Fine Arts Investments Ltd v. Christie, Manson & Woods Ltd (Split Trials) (Katharine Mason)